Efek Teh Daun Kelor (Moringa Oleifera Tea) terhadap Kadar Leukosit Ibu Hamil

St. Hasriani, Werna Nontji, Veny Hadju, Suryani As’ad, Andi Wardihan Singrang, Burhanuddin Bahar

Abstract


Abstrak. Leukosit adalah system imun tubuh yang terlibat dalam pertahanan tubuh terhadap penyakit dan bahan asing. Jika terjadi peningkatan jumlah leukosit berisiko terjadi kelahiran prematur, ketuban pecah dini dan infeksi neonatus. Apabila terjadi penurunan sistem imun akan terjadi penurunan ketahanan tubuh terhadap penyakit terutama infeksi untuk memperbaiki sistem imun dipengaruhi beberapa faktor salah satunya zat gizi makro mikro. Daun kelor kaya kandungan nutrisi yang merupakan alternatif untuk menanggulangi terjadinya kekurangan zat gizi dan infeksi. Penelitian bertujuan menggambarkan efek the daun kelor (Moringa Oleifera Tea) terhadap kadar leukosit pada ibu hamil. Metode digunakan yaitu Quasi Experiment non randomized control group pretest-posttest design. Teknik pengambilan sampel dengan menggunakan teknik purposive sampling pada ibu dengan usia kehamilan trimester III (≥28 minggu) di Puskesmas Pangkajene dan Puskesmas Lawawoi Kabupaten Sidenreng Rappang. Subjek dibagi menjadi dua kelompok yaitu kelompok intervensi 18 subjek dan kelompok kontrol 18 subjek. Hasil analisis rerata kadar leukosit pada kelompok teh daun kelor dari 11396±1903 menjadi 9416±1715. Pada kelompok tablet Fe dari 10658±1424 menjadi 10967±964 dengan selisih 1979 dan 308 (p=0.002) dapat disempulakn bawha terdapat perbedaan rerata nilai kadar leukosit antara kelompok teh daun kelor dan kelompok tablet Fe, dimana teh daun kelor lebih efektif menurunkan kadar leukosit ibu hamil.

Kata kunci : Kadar Leukosit, Ibu Hamil, Teh Daun Kelor

 

Effects of Moringa Oleifera Tea on Leukocyte Levels of Pregnant Women

 

Abstract. Leukocytes are the immune system that is involved in defending the body against disease and foreign material. If there is an increase in the number of leukocytes, there is a risk of premature birth, premature rupture of membranes and neonatal infection. If the immune system declines, there will be a decrease in the body's resistance to diseases, especially infections and to improve the immune system there are several factors, one of which is the intake of micro-nutrients. Moringa leaves are rich in nutritional content which is an alternative to overcome the occurrence of nutrient deficiencies and infections. This research aims to describe the effect of Moringa Oleifera Tea on the levels of pregnant women leukocytes. The method used in this research is Quasi Experiment non randomized control group pretest-posttest design. Sampling was done by purposive sampling in third trimester of pregnant women (≥28 weeks) at the Pangkajene and Lawawoi Health Center in Sidenreng Rappang Regency which were divided into two groups: an intervention group of 18 subjects and a control group of 18 subjects. The results of the average analysis of leukocyte levels in the Moringa oleifera tea group 11396±1903 to 9416±1715. In the Fe tablet group 10658±1424 to 10967±964 with the difference in 1979 and 308 (p=0.002) it can be concluded that there are differences in the average value of leukocyte levels between the Moringa oleifera tea group and the Fe tablet group, where Moringa oleifera tea is more effective in reducing leukocyte levels of pregnant Women

Keywords  : Leukocyte Levels, Pregnant Women, Moringa Oleifera Tea


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