Pendidikan Kesehatan Terhadap Tingkat Pengetahuan Deteksi Tanda Bahaya Kehamilan dan Persalinan

Dyah Puji Astuti, Siti Mutoharoh, Eni Indrayani, Endah Setyaningsih

Abstract


Abstrak. Prioritas pembangunan kesehatan di Indonesia pada upaya peningkatan kesehatan ibu anak, dan percepatan penurunan angka mortalitas ibu. Kematian ibu dapat terjadi akibat komplikasi yang tidak diketahui sehingga pengetahuan mengenai bahaya selama kehamilan dan persalinan sangat penting bagi ibu hamil. Pengetahuan yang baik menjadi syarat utama mengenali tanda bahaya sejak dini sehingga terjadinya komplikasi yang berat akan dapat dicegah secara optimal. Tujuan penelitian ini melihat pengaruh pendidikan kelas ibu dalam meningkatkan pengetahuan deteksi dini bahaya kehamilan dan persalinan. Metode penelitian menggunakan quasi eksperimen post test only control Group. Rancangan ini menggunakan satu kelompok perlakuan. Pertama-tama dilakukan pengukuran kemudian dilakukan treatment berupa pendidikan kesehatan selama 3 kali dan diukur kembali hasil akhirnya. Jumlah subjek penelitian sebanyak 37 ibu hamil di Puskesmas Kuwarasan. Hasil riset menunjukkan bahwa setelah diberikan treatment secara statistic hasilnya signifikan, pengetahuan semakin baik setelah diberikan treatmen antara kelompok pretest dan postes hasilnya semua pengetahuannya semakin baik sebanyak 26 responden 70,3%, sedangkan yang hasilnya tidak ada perubahan setelah diberikan treatmen antara pretes dan postes sejumlah 9 responden 24,3% dengan  hasil nilai pvalue <0.001.

 

Kata kunci; deteksi dini, tanda bahaya, kehamilan, persalinan, pendidikan kesehatan

 

Health Education On The Level Of Knowledge About Detection Of Hazard Marks Of Pregnancy And Labor 

Abstract. The priority of health development in Indonesia is on efforts to improve maternal child health, and accelerate the reduction in maternal mortality. Maternal deaths can occur due to unknown complications so knowledge of the dangers during pregnancy and childbirth is very important for pregnant women. Good knowledge is the main requirement to recognize danger signs early on so that the occurrence of severe complications will be prevented optimally. The purpose of this study is to look at the effect of maternal classroom education in increasing knowledge of early detection of the dangers of pregnancy and childbirth. The research method uses a quasi experimental test only control group. This design uses one treatment group. First the measurements are taken then treatment is done in the form of health education for 3 times and the final result is measured again. The number of research subjects were 37 pregnant women in the Kuwarasan Community Health Center. The results of the research showed that after being given statistically significant results, the better knowledge after being given treatments between the pretest and posttest groups results in all the better knowledge of 26 respondents 70.3%, while for the results there was no change after being given a treatment between pretest and posttest 9 respondents 24.3% with the pvalue value <0.001.

 

Keywords  : early detection, danger sign, pregnancy, childbirth, health education

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